Composting - food scraps in soil

The Benefits of Composting – A Guide to Sustainable Gardening

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Composting is breaking down organic waste, such as food scraps, leaves, and grass clippings, into which you can enrich your garden beds with a soil amendment that is abundant in nutrients. By composting, you can not only reduce your waste but also enhance the health of your soil.

Benefits of Composting

  • Reduces Waste: By composting, you can divert organic waste from the landfill, which can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and conserve landfill space.
  • Enriches Soil: Compost is rich in nutrients that plants need to thrive, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. It can help improve soil structure and retain moisture.
  • Saves Money: With composting, you can lessen your reliance on expensive fertilizers and other soil amendments, leading to cost savings in the long term.
  • Improves Plant Health: Compost can help improve plant growth and health by providing a slow-release source of nutrients that plants can absorb over time.

How to Compost

  • Choose a Composting Method: There are several ways to compost, including traditional composting, vermicomposting, and composting with a bin.
  • Collect Compostable Materials: Add organic waste such as fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, and yard waste to your compost pile.
  • Build Your Compost Pile: Layer your compostable materials with carbon-rich materials such as dried leaves or shredded newspaper to create the right balance of nitrogen and carbon.
  • Maintain Your Compost Pile: Regularly turn your compost pile to provide oxygen and promote decomposition. Maintaining the right moisture level in your compost pile is important – not too dry or wet.

Troubleshooting Common Composting Problems

  • Compost is Too Wet: Add dry materials such as shredded paper or leaves to absorb excess moisture.
  • Compost is Too Dry: Add water to the pile to moisten it.
  • Compost is Not Decomposing: Add nitrogen-rich materials such as grass clippings or blood meal to help jumpstart decomposition.


Composting is a sustainable gardening practice that offers a range of benefits for your garden and the environment. By reducing waste, enriching the soil, saving money, and improving plant health, This is a valuable tool for any gardener. With the right techniques and a little patience, anyone can compost and enjoy the benefits of this eco-friendly gardening practice.

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Farhan Ellahi
Farhan Ellahi

I'm a web designer & developer with over 25 website creations under my belt. I have worked with various technologies including wordpress, javascript, php, and mern stack. I have many national and international clients. I'm also a blogger and tech mentor.

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